Emergency Management is the function that creates the framework of how a community, group, company or other governmental entity will reduce vulnerability to hazards and deal with any type of disaster. According to FEMA there are 8 principles of Emergency Management.

Emergency management must be:

  1. Comprehensive
    Emergency managers consider and take into account all hazards, all phases, all stakeholders and all impacts relevant to disasters.
  2. Progressive
    Emergency managers anticipate future disasters and take preventive and prepara¬tory measures to build disaster-resistant and disaster-resilient communities.
  3. Risk-driven
    Emergency managers use sound risk management principles (hazard identification, risk analysis, and impact analysis) in assigning priorities and resources.
  4. Integrated
    Emergency managers ensure unity of effort among all levels of government and all elements of a community. 
  5. Collaborative
    Emergency managers create and sustain broad and sincere relationships among individuals and organizations to encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build consensus, and facilitate communication.
  6. Coordinated
    Emergency managers synchronize the activities of all relevant stakeholders to achieve a common purpose.
  7. Flexible
    Emergency managers use creative and innovative approaches in solving disaster challenges.  
  8. Professional
    Emergency managers value a science and knowledge-based approach based on education, training, experience, ethical practice, public stewardship and continuous improvement.